Chinese governers, beaucrats and revolutionalists
Desperate War of Japan in the Pacific
This page contains Japanese kanji.

 Kakyo ( ʵ )
China has long history of bureaucracy. Local beaucrats governed people severe with country squires. Chinese and Korean student learned Analects very hard to be bureaucrats. Both governments selected them by test how they learned Analects. All the dynasties of China always collapsed because of revolt of farmers. Secret party made important roll to build next dynasty. Chinese Communist Party is one of the parties in her long history. Beaucrates governed China with landlords and wealthy merchants. China is a merchant country. Merchants built walls and lived in the walls with bureaucrats and soldiers.

 Governers and revolutionalists
The table shows birth places of Chinese military governers, revolutionalist and beaucrates since 19th century. Modern beaucrates of ζ and are not listed up. ζ was the homeland of Qing Dynasty. Armies of sometimes invaded rich before, and historical governments of China always fled there, when they were threatned by enemies from the north including Japan. They occurred strange Sino-Vietnamese War ( ) in 1979.
Ȳ
ĥ

Governers and revolutionalists
YearNameBirth placeFather's classMilitary record
1943-****͸ǫ
1944-****Ĺǫ
1946-****ĥǫ
1935-1992ʸӾ
Korean War,
1944-****ɶӾ
1835-1908̾
1859-1919ȹ̾
Ʋ,
1940-****˷̾
1941-****̾
1942-****̾
1942-****̾
1953-****ʿ̾ްѽ
1907-1971ɷ̾
1811-1872
ʻ, ŷ, ֺ
1874-1916
Ĺ
1882-1913׶ϼ
1889-1970
1893-1976Ѱ
1898-1974Ʋ,
1899-1967Ω
1915-1989ˮ
1943-****
1823-1901µ
ʻ, η(η)
1865-1936㲿µηƲ,
1879-1942Ƚµ
1882-1948ȶ̾µηο, Exiled eunuches
1891-1962Ŭµ
1941-****ˮµ
1955-****µ
1955-****µ
****-****ɾ
1926-****߷̱ɾ
Ѽ
1941-****ɾ
1942-****ն޹ɾĶȼѼ
1942-****ʹɾ
1945-****έɾ
1950-****Ĭɾ
1859-1916
η,
1898-1969έ
ȼ
1949-****
1887-1975ղ޶IJA, ԾعĹ, ,
1910-1988շй޶ղ
1932-2005խʸ޶
1945-****޶
1814-1864Ҳ
1858-1898ͭ
1866-1925¹ʸ
1884-1944
1897-1986շҲȹ뾦Φع,
1924-****ʿշ
1861-1911ü-
1874-1939ΦĹ
1875-1928ĥ
±, 縵
1885-1935¹˧
Ʋ´, IJA, ޾
1914-1991׿
1917-2005ĥն
, Ǥ
1942-****
1944-****ֱ
1944-****
1950-****¶μ
1883-1960
IJA
1947-****έ
1948-****
1949-****
1942-****ͺ
1871-1949
1886-1976Ȭϩ,
1904 - 1997ʿҲȷϼѰ
1940 - ****¸
1940 - ****סε
ѰѰ
1875-1907ʡ
1946-****ĥʡ

 Governers of 峤 and
峤ްѽ
YearNameBirth
1991-1994ˮ 1941 µ
1994-2002 1938-2007 ޶
2002-2006ɱ1946 ޶
2006-2007 1954 ޶
ްѽ
YearNameBirth
1998-2002Ĺ1944 ǫ
2002-2007ĥ1946 ǫ
2007-****1955 µ
峤 and are very rich now, as they were in Qing. It seems that ̵ controls because ްѽ were not from now. But 3 successive 峤ްѽ are from ޶. ղ was also from ޶. It seems to be independent from ̵. ʸ̿ began from 峤. 峤 is too rich to revolt. If a big revolt break, ̵ have to control money of 峤 and not to support the revolt. ղ could not win the conflict with CCP without support of merchants. He had bargained domestic resources and rights to manage Chinese economy too much.
ɱ
޶


 Difference between Western peasants and Chinese farmers revolts
John Ball in 14th century and Thomas Müntzer in 17th century insisted to be free farmers from controlled peasants under lords. But Chinese farmers revolted to be new bureaucrats ( ) of a new dynasty against an old dynasty. As for Japan, Samurai were also bureaucrats and inherited power. Revolted Japanese farmers never wanted to be samurai in Edo era. of ʿŷ publicized a strange marrige law in 1861. Bureaucrats must have wives respond to their bureaucratic class. 첦 and might have 11 wives, , Ю etc were 6 wives, high class bureaucrats were 3, middle class bureaucrats were 2 and low class beaucrats were one.
and ʿŷ p124, p163
John Ball
Thomas Müntzer

 Traditional east Asian bribery
Bureaucrats usually took bribes. The bribe was a part of goverment system. Although Japanese government of Edo era did not test bureaucrats by Analects, bureaucrats corrupted. Modern bureaucrats of Japan made endemic corruption system at last. The system absorbs tax legally whether Congress approved or not. We call it ¤.

    China
    A British ambassador wrote how bureaucrats of Qing government spent Emperor's money. A flood occurred in Cantong. A Emporor gave 50,000 ξ from his fund(+) to save people. Central government took 20,000 ξ at first. Local governments took 10,000 ξ, 5,000 ξ... The rest of the gift was only 10,000 ξ. The ambassador recognized it systematic correct. There was a bureaucrat called ²+. He was a minister of Qing. He gathered bribes as follows,
    • ⸵ 1,000 (1 = 100 ξ, equivalent silver 1.5 million ξ)
    • 丵 1,000
    • ֶ 5.8 million ξ
    • 2 million ξ
    • 9.40 million ξ
    • 58,000
    He also held real estates of 75 , 42 ξز and 13 ơŹ managed them. Bureaucrats of China invented money laundry to manage ơŹ.
    Miyazaki, p349

    ɱ was accused and judged for bribery. He took 2.39 million and He got estate illegaly and sold it for 118 million [11]. What did he spent the money for? A Chinese girl has a dream of being a bribery beaucrat in [10]>

    Japan
    A judge in Germany revealed IJN system bribery in purchasing equippment or warships from Germany and UK[5]. As the result, a vice admiral was exiled from IJN. A IJN officer fled to Canada where he died 32 years later[6]. A former deputy minister of Defense was arrested with his wife in 2007[7]. They have been under a bribe trial at high court. He was a top of bureaucrats of Defense Ministry. Prime Minister Tanaka was arrested in 1976 and guilty of bribery at the Tokyo High Court in 1987[8]. Japan has eight laws of ñź, ź, ź, 軰Զź, ýżź, ź, äź and £ź to judge bureaucrats bribery[9].

    Korea
    Disappeared bribery
    Bribe
    A small company in Kyoto opened its branch in Korea a long time ago. The president sometimes flew to Soul from Osaka on business. He sighed to me that he had to have given bribes everywhere to do business speedy. It seemed that gift was important for human relations. He prepared some panty stockings for customs and ball point pens for clients. He gave them women clerks of the clients. He closed the barnch after a while. The table shows accused persons of bribery. The bribery number increased from 1,339 in 1994 to 1,919 in 1998[1]. But Corruption Perceptions Index of Korea becomes good[2]. Has bribery culture changed in Korea? Korean President , ٶ were made open of stocking money illegaly[3][4].

 Military tops in the non-nuke nations
NationNameBirth yearRemark
AustraliaJohn Faulkner 1954he entered the Australian Senate in 1989
DenmarkSøren Gade1963son of shipmaster
GermanyGuttenberg1972his wife is Stephanie von Bismarck-Sch
JapanKitazawa1938son of Nagano Congressman
VietnamPhung Quang Thanhe

VietnamDenmarkJapan
VietnamDenmarkJapan

Merkel's New Cabinet
Søren Gade
Vietnamese People's Army Newspaper

[1] ڹ
[2] Corruption Perceptions Index
[3]
[4] ٶ
[5] Siemens Scandal
[6] ni ͼ no mo naku ⽽Ϻ no
[7] Moriya Takemasa
[8] Tanaka Kakuei
[9] ̳Ⱥ
[10] ν
[11] ɱĨ򣱣ǯ쿳Ƚ


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