|Japan meets the West|
Desperate War of Japan in the Pacific|
Japanese people were curious western culture and weapon in the 16th century. Japanese lords enjoyed byoubu paintings of western ships or something. These sites are some examples in museums.
Spain failed to keep Netherlands Although Meiji Government allowed Christianity carefully because they remebered Amakusa or Shimabara Revolt in 1637, the Christianity did not spread wide like the 16th century. Educated commons in terakoya were not interested in a strange religion, 'the hope of the resurrection of the dead' any more.
A Russian ship leaving Nagasaki
Russian ship syukko no zu
The Christians persuade neighbors to preach. And people began a dialogue. They gathered and prayed in a church, at first. Christian monks mediated eternal life and prepared modern science. Citizens gradually developed various communities in their town. The modern community is a mother of innovation. There is no such a community in a Japanese town, though a community called 'yui' in a village.
|Catholic in Edo era|
Secret portrait for 400 years|
There were 200 churches of Jesuit in Japan in 1614. The Christians were 200 thousand to 300thousand. Including Spanish churches, The total Christians were 370-500 thousand. Considering population in those days, the ratio of Christians is almost the same of 3.0% in 1980.A missionary reached Matsumae, Hokkaido nowdays in 1618. He wrote a letter with a map to Makao. Ieyasu omitted a kind of Buddism, 日蓮宗不受不施派 as well as Chritianity. He wrote Mexico a letter to request ban of Christianity in 1612.
Revolt of Shimabara
The revolt occurred in December 1637. The revolted people choiced Hara Castle as pocket. Hara Castle was rebuilt by Christian Daimyo Arima Harunobu in 1599. Kumamot han hunted a leader of the revolt, Masuda Jinbei who was father of Amakusa Shiro. Jinbei went to Nagasaki for help. The rebels might hope military help of Portugal. They shouted, "Santiago!" at combat. It was the same of Portiguish warriors. But a Dutch ship came and fired. Commander Matsudaira Nobutsuna said to Hosokawa Tadatoshi,
Chinese and Western ships came to trade at Nagasaki, The population of Nagasaki increased more and more. The table shows the numbers. All most of the inhabitants were Christians. Converted people were 9,369 in 1658.
The revolt excited some novelists in Japan, for example, Shibata Renzaburou, Endo Shusaku and Matsumoto Seicho.
There was no Bakufu's military action for 200 years since The Shimabara Revolt.
 Takayama Ukon
 Kakure Kirishitan
 Edo bakufu, p63-64
 Edo bakufu, p35
 Shimabara Rebellion
 Amakusa Shiro
 Nemuri Kyoushiro
 Dark gospel
 Iwami Silvermine Museum
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