|Mexico & Cuba||12|
Why did China controlled trading? Because the trading tax was income of Emperor.
comprador (baiben) and gyoushou of Canton and western merchants got profit from the trading. But farmers of China had not been able to pay tax (copper) because of flowing silver from China. While Goverment of Beijing gathered tax (silver). Ratio of copper to silver was very high. Local government of Canton also gathered extra trading tax. The wealth of Canton succeed in building government in Nanjing.
Yokohama no baiben
Japan in 1930s
Export of Japan suffered damaged in 1929. But some people went ouf for new market to Africa, South America, Australia and Europe. The table shows the result. And London market was favor in Japan. Some people and military bureaucrats thought Japan could come out of the bad situation in a way to invade Manchuria in 1931.
Tbl.3 shows Japanese-US trade from 1929 to 1934. Export decreased almost half, while import increased. The balance got worse. Cotton weight exchange ratio to silk was 24.1 in 1927. The ratio was 9.1 in 1934. Tbl.4 shows Japanese-UK trade. Japan exported silk to US and imported cotton from US. Japan exported cotton textile to Asia etc. Japan depended on import of oil and cotton from US.